Modern trekking and hiking poles are available in numerous variants and different materials for a variety of uses.
Those poles are ideal for (more older) mountaineers, who like to go "off-road" or have joint problems, as well as for hikers with heavy loads (for example children's carriers). Hiking and trekking poles (when correctly adjusted) improve Your posture, strengthen the arm and back muscles, provide more grip and stabilize Your steps.
Material: aluminum or carbon
Most commonly, poles are made of aluminum or carbon. Every material has its advantages and disadvantages. Carbon poles are very resistant and also lighter than aluminum poles. The disadvantage of carbon is that it can break through immediately and does not bend like an aluminum pole.
Thanks to clamping systems (Power Lock, Power Lock 2, Power Lock 3, Twist Lock, Speed Lock 2, Flick Lock, etc.) You can adjust the pole to your body size (Attention: Old or damaged clamping systems have a low holding power and thus adjust high risk of injury!)
Now we explain You the different clamp systems:
1. folding systems
For folding poles, the individual sections are folded together. The poles have a small pack size and can be easily transported in a backpack.
Advantage: The individual segments can not slip even under heavy load - more safety even in extreme applications.
2. screw clamp system
The clamping system is inside of the hiking poles.
Advantage: The poles are very compact and can be stowed optimally in the backpack.
Disadvantage: Limited lifespan of the system. The more the clamping system is used, the higher the risk of injury.
3. External clamping system
External clamping systems are quick and easy to use, so You can quickly adapt the pole (even with gloves) to Your needs.
Advantage: External clamping systems have a high holding power and thus ensure greater safety.
Disadvantage: The clamping system is a bit heavier and, above all, bulkier than the inner variant.
Grips: EVA foam or cork
Cork grips offer more comfort than gripgs made of EVA foam. Because grips made from the natural product reduce perspiration and blisters on the hands.
Hiking and trekking poles with damping
Some brands already offer poles with damping systems (at Sport Bittl the brand LEKI).
Damping systems (Dynamic Suspension System) ensure a reduction of the peak impacts and thus protecting muscles, joints and ligaments. In addition optimal damping features for a controlled pole use.